Mine tailings deposits are often overlooked by the industry, posing significant environ-
mental challenges due to chemical hazards and inadequate maintenance. Nevertheless, such mineral deposits hold considerable economic potential for processing, and the adoption of innovative technologies may also address critical chemical and physical stability issues. Existing research has
demonstrated the feasibility of recovering target metals—i.e., copper, iron, manganese, cobalt, zinc, and others—through the application of acid leaching techniques with consistently high yields and metal recovery rates. Therefore, a compilation was carried out from 2008 onwards, on working conditions such as leaching agent, acid concentration, oxidizing-reducing reagent, particle size, O2 pressure, stirring speed, solid–liquid ratio, temperature, and leaching time. At present, there are no reviews on the recovery of metals via acid leaching in tailings, so this study can serve as support for future researchers who want to project themselves in this area, ordering the procedures and the results obtained by the research carried out. Regarding the evaluation, it can be commented that research has shown that acid leaching of tailings has achieved recoveries of over 90% in different metals, such as Zn, Cu, and Fe, which indicates that the treatment is efficient and recommended for different types of tailings.
2022 - Avenida Brasil 2162, Valparaíso, en la Facultad de Ingeniería de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso.